Five multi-stakeholder technical working groups prepared reports on the five priority themes of the High Level Dialogue on Energy (HLDE). The reports contain substantive recommendations for the thematic forums at ministerial level, which will take place from June 21 to 25, 2021, and together aim to provide a global roadmap to achieve affordable and clean energy for all by 2030, on track to net zero emissions by 2050.
The technical working groups brought together actors from the United Nations and international agencies, national governments, businesses, academia and civil society to address: access to energy; energetic transition; enable the SDGs through fair and inclusive energy transitions; innovation, technology and data; and finance and investment. Each technical working group held three virtual meetings, the first focusing on adjustments to the outline of the reports, the second on comments on the first draft, and the third on collecting final comments on a revised draft report.
The report on energy access stresses the need to: address socio-economic inclusion; align the costs, reliability and affordability of energy services; putting people at the center of efforts to provide energy; and promote local entrepreneurship and the engagement of women and young people. He stresses that access to electricity and a clean kitchen are just as important.
The report on energetic transition stresses the need for enhanced international and regional cooperation to share technology and integrate electricity markets. It recommends, among other actions, to rapidly intensify the deployment of renewable energies, to improve the average rate of energy efficiency and to phase out coal.
The report on enable the SDGs through fair and inclusive energy transitions explores the “multidimensions” of the SDGs and emphasizes the need to implement policies taking into account social equity and inclusion. He calls, among others, education, retraining, training, capacity building, promoting informed consumer behavior and accelerating actions to ensure gender equity.
The report on innovation, technology and data recognizes the need for innovations in policy and finance, and not just in technology. It recommends: the commercialization of new technologies on a large scale; create markets that promote energy technologies and help the energy transition; take advantage of digitization; and improving the collection, management and application of data systems.
The report on financing and investment calls on countries to increase investments in sustainable energy to achieve an inclusive recovery, to align financial flows with increasingly ambitious climate strategies, and to remove subsidies that encourage waste.
The reports of these working groups will be launched during thematic forums at ministerial level, which will take place from June 21 to 25, 2021.
the ENB hasThe analysis of the technical working groups notes that “[s]Discussions in some technical working groups prompted reports to contain specific examples of actions to achieve global energy goals. However, by having to make political compromises, reports “may not be able to meet this standard”. According to IN B, “Voluntary pacts were indicated as a way to document specific actions that need to be taken to collectively build momentum.” Ministerial forums will be “the first opportunity to increase the visibility of energy pacts to which the technical working group process has contributed”.
The HLDE, slated for September 2021, will be the first global energy gathering under the auspices of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) since the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Energy Sources in 1981. The HLDE UN Secretary-General to convene Summit-level Dialogue to promote the implementation of the energy-related goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular SDG 7 (clean and affordable energy ) and the Paris Agreement on climate change. [ENB Summary of the High-level Dialogue on Energy Technical Working Groups: 22 February – 26 May 2021] [Ministerial Thematic Forums Webpage]